Mesoporous carbon aerogel: preparation, characterization and its application for the removal of ibuprofen
کد مقاله : 1004-INZC6
طاهره روحانی بسطامی *1، سارا ابوالحسنی2، علی احمدپور3
1گروه مهندسی شیمی- دانشکده مهندسی- دانشگاه صنعتی قوچان
2فردوسی مشهد
3گروه مهندسی شیمی- دانشکده مهندسی- دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
چکیده مقاله:
In this paper, carbon aerogel as a nanostructure adsorbent was prepared. Synthesis of carbon aerogel is performed in four main steps: preparation of wet gel, aging, wet gel drying and pyrolysis. The cheap precursors in this synthesis were significant and economical for the mass production. The prepared carbon aerogel was characterized by surface area measurement, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. According to the surface area analysis, the carbon aerogel has a high surface area of 790 m2g-1, a total pore volume of 1.47 cm3g-1 and a mean pore diameter of 7.48 nm. According to the FESEM images, a uniform particle size distribution with a diameter of less than 50 nm was observed. Adsorption investigation of ibuprofen from aqueous solution was performed by the carbon aerogel. Design Expert with a coherent program was used for the adsorption process optimization. The main objective of this study was to evaluate operational variables such as contact time, adsorbent dosage, pH, and interaction of these variables in the adsorption process. According to the kinetic study, the compatibility of experimental data with the pseudo-second-order model represents the heterogeneous chemical adsorption on the adsorbent surface. The results of Freundlich isotherm demonstrate the multilayer adsorption with a heterogeneous system for adsorption process.
کلیدواژه ها:
Carbon aerogel; Mesopore; Ibuprofen; Adsorption; Experimental design
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